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Artificial Pancreas in Action, Say No to Insulin Syringes

Diabetes has two types. One is type 1 diabetes in which insulin is absent or drastically low in the body. It is called insulin dependent diabetes i.e. IDD. Other type is type 2. It causes resistance of body tissues against insulin.

Researchers have been trying to cure diabetes for so long. But, they had finally concluded that there is no cure to it rather management. But the scientists never gave up hope. The result of these efforts is “Artificial Pancreas” (AP).

This device will improve quality of life of around 30 million diabetics around the world. People can get rid of insulin monitors, syringes and lancet. There will be no need to prick the skin every now and then. The only need will be to attach the artificial pancreas system to body.

Mechanism of Action

Artificial pancreas will regulate levels of sugar in blood automatically. It will monitor the blood sugar level throughout the day and night. It will release required amount of insulin in the blood. This will prevent sudden hypoglycemic or hyperglycemic episodes.

Working Principle of AP

Artificial pancreas has a main working unit. It is an electronic algorithm on a smart phone which is connected to glucose monitoring sensor and insulin pump. The sensor will detect the amount of sugar in blood. Insulin pump will effectively release insulin in the blood required by the body.

Advances in AP System

Research works are continuously in progress which can improve functioning of AP. These researchers have been in progress ever since the evolution of insulin. The aim is to achieve more effective monitoring of blood sugar and its regulation.

Age Restriction

This insulin pump is effective for people of in age of 14 years and above.

Advantages of AP

  • Continuous monitoring of blood sugar level
  • Prevention of hypoglycemia
  • Prevention of hyperglycemia
  • Effective and required dose administration of insulin
  • Reduced burden on health care system of a nation
  • Improved quality of life of diabetic patients
  • Prevention from infection as a result of skin pricks

 

Side Effects of AP

Just like other medical interventions, Artificial Pancreas has also some limitations and side effects. Some of its side effects are given below.

  • Skin rash around the site of AP administration
  • Irritation
  • Physical appearance is affected
  • Hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia if the pump is not functioning properly.

Misconceptions About Artificial Pancreas

People usually take it as an organ transplant. No, it’s not an organ transplant. The patient only attaches the device to his body and can detach it. This also needs to be clear that the system replaces the only insulin producing function of the pancreas.The device is a

The device is a milestone in medical field. It can prove it worth in upcoming years.

 

Warda Imtiaz

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